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          Linux下多线程下载工具MWget和Axel使用介绍

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              linux运维在操作linux历程中,用得最多的linux下载工具想必一定是wget,没有看到哪一台服务器没装过wget的,或许有人使用ftp下载  ,也有人使用多线程的axel以及ProZilla,毫无疑问这两个工具都很是的精彩,可是对于习惯使用wget的人来说显得不顺应,于是老外便开发了多线程版本的wget工具mwget,m表现multi多线程的意思.

              mwget

              官方地址:http://sourceforge.net/projects/kmphpfm/?source=dlp

              代码如下:

              # cd /usr/local/src/

              # wget http://jaist.dl.sourceforge.net/project/kmphpfm/mwget/0.1/mwget_0.1.0.orig.tar.bz2

              # tar -xjvf mwget_0.1.0.orig.tar.bz2

              # cd mwget_0.1.0.orig

              # ./configure

              # make

              # make install

              configure历程中若是泛起如下错误  ,致意装大于即是0.35版本的intltool

              代码如下:

              checking for intltool >= 0.35.0... ./configure: line 6824: intltool-update: command not found

              found

              configure: error: Your intltool is too old. You need intltool 0.35.0 or later.

              # yum install intltool

              wget vs mwget速率测试

              以下使用下载2.4.5版本的mongodb来取样.

              mwget速率测试

              代码如下:

              # mwget http://fastdl.mongodb.org/linux/mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.4.5.tgz

              Begin to download: mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.4.5.tgz

              FileSize: 90M

              36% [====> =====> ===> ====> ] [ 33M] [2.0M/s] [ETA:00:28]

              mwget速率截图如下:

              wget速率测试

              代码如下:

              # wget http://fastdl.mongodb.org/linux/mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.4.5.tgz

              --2013-08-16 10:55:23-- http://fastdl.mongodb.org/linux/mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.4.5.tgz

              Resolving fastdl.mongodb.org... 54.230.114.206, 54.230.113.36, 54.230.114.144, ...

              Connecting to fastdl.mongodb.org|54.230.114.206|:80... connected.

              HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK

              Length: 94827295 (90M) [application/x-tar]

              Saving to: “mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.4.5.tgz.1”

              6% [==> ] 6,470,547 210K/s eta 6m 26s

              wget速率截图如下

              mwget用法:

              代码如下:

              # mwget -h

              GNU MWget 0.1.0 ,a non-interactive and multiline network retriever of all POSTIX Systems.

              Usage: mwget [Options]... [URL]...

              Options:

              -b, --debug Show the debug message

              -c, --count=num Set the retry count to [num], no limit when "0", the default is "99"

              -d, --directory=dir Set the local direcotry to [dir], the default is "."

              -f, --file=file Rename the file to [file]

              -h, --help A brief summary of all the options

              -i, --interval=num Set the ftp retry interval to [num] seconds, the default is "5"

              -n, --number=num Use [num] connections instead of the default (4)

              -r, --referer=URL Include `Referer: [URL]' header in HTTP request.

              -t, --timeout=num Set the connection timeout to [num] seconds, the default is "30"

              -v, --version Show the version of the mwget and exit

              -x, --proxy=URL Set the proxy [URL]

              Mail bug reports and suggestions to

              On website bug reports and suggestions to

              We Welcome your BUG REPORT!

              Axel

              运维事情中  ,经常需要下载文件  ,由于网站下载速率限制或者网络等缘故原由导致下载让人无法忍受 ,前面有先容多线程wget工具mwget  ,提速不少  ,而且使用很简朴  。axel使用的人更多  ,不仅仅安装要领简朴 ,下令更简朴 。往下看  。

              安装Axel

              RPM安装Axel(要领一)

              下载地址:http://pkgs.repoforge.org/axel/

              如图  ,选择适合你服务器的RPM

              复制代码

              代码如下:

              root@ttlsa # wget http://pkgs.repoforge.org/axel/axel-2.4-1.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm

              root@ttlsa # rpm -ivh axel-2.4-1.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm

              Preparing... ########################################### [100%]

              1:axel ########################################### [100%]

              yum安装Axel(要领二)

              复制代码

              代码如下:

              root@ttlsa # yum install axel

              apt-get安装Axel

              若是你是Ubuntu系统

              代码如下:

              root@ttlsa # axel -h

              Usage: axel [options] url1 [url2] [url...]

              --max-speed=x -s x 最大速率 (字节/秒)

              --num-connections=x -n x 最大毗连数

              --output=f -o f 指定文件名

              --search[=x] -S [x] Search for mirrors and download from x servers

              --header=x -H x 添加header

              --user-agent=x -U x 设置用户署理

              --no-proxy -N 不使用任何署理

              --quiet -q Leave stdout alone

              --verbose -v 显示更多状态信息

              --alternate -a 显示简朴进度条

              --help -h 资助

              --version -V 版本信息

              axel使用实例

              下载centos

              代码如下:

              root@ttlsa # axel http://mirrors.btte.net/centos/6.5/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.5-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

              [ 1%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [4654.5KB/s]

              [ 1%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [4657.1KB/s]

              [ 1%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [4656.5KB/s]

              [ 1%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [4659.3KB/s]

              下载运维生活时间某图片

              复制代码

              代码如下:

              root@ttlsa # axel http://www.ttlsa.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/zabbix-adduser-01.jpg

              Initializing download: http://www.ttlsa.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/zabbix-adduser-01.jpg

              File size: 73009 bytes

              Opening output file zabbix-adduser-01.jpg

              Starting download

            < p>root@ttlsa # axel http://www.ttlsa.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/zabbix-adduser-01.jpg

              Initializing download: http://www.ttlsa.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/zabbix-adduser-01.jpg

              File size: 73009 bytes

              Opening output file zabbix-adduser-01.jpg

              Starting download

              [ 0%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [ 598.0KB/s]

              [ 70%] .......... .......... .

              Connection 0 finished

              Downloaded 71.3 kilobytes in 0 seconds. (710.02 KB/s)

              简朴进度条

              默认情形下  ,整个屏幕都是进度条  ,加上-a参数  ,进度条类似wget  。

              复制代码

              代码如下:

              root@ttlsa # axel -a http://mirrors.btte.net/centos/6.5/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.5-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

              Initializing download: http://mirrors.btte.net/centos/6.5/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.5-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

              File size: 4467982336 bytes

              Opening output file CentOS-6.5-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

              Starting download

            < p>[ 1%] [0 1 2 3 ] [ 3.2MB/s] [21:47]

              下载限速

              ttlsa的网站带宽有限制 ,我要保证下载的同时又不影响用户的会见  ,例如限制为1MB/s的下载速率  ,如下可以看到速率基本保证在1MB以内  。

              复制代码

              代码如下:

              root@ttlsa # axel -s 1024000 http://mirrors.btte.net/centos/6.5/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.5-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

              Initializing download: http://mirrors.btte.net/centos/6.5/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.5-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

              File size: 4467982336 bytes

              Opening output file CentOS-6.5-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

              State file found: 30522952 bytes downloaded, 4437459384 to go.

              Starting download

              ,,,,,,,... .......... .......... .......... .......... [ 394.8KB/s]

              [ 0%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [ 689.2KB/s]

              [ 0%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [ 879.5KB/s]

              [ 0%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [ 974.5KB/s]

              [ 0%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [1086.4KB/s]

              [ 0%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [ 967.5KB/s]

              [ 0%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [ 943.8KB/s]

              [ 0%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [1021.0KB/s]

              [ 0%] .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... [1066.1KB/s]

              最后

              完成  ,要领很简朴 ,功效很简朴  。运维生活时间的服务器以及安装了axel  ,你的安装了吗?