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            CentOS自动化安装实战

            • 时间:
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            • 来源:124软件资讯网

                定制自动化安装盘

                # 安装所需要的软件包:

                代码如下:

                yum -y install createrepo mkisofs isomd5sum

                # 天生精简后的rpm列表

                代码如下:

                awk '/安装/{print $2}' install.log |sed 's/^[0-9]*://g' >/root/packages.list //我的是中文情况详细看log里是什么

                # 约束目录结构

                代码如下:

                mkdir -p /mnt/cdrom

                mkdir -p /data/OS

                mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom

                rsync –a --exclude=Packages /mnt/cdrom/* /data/OS

                mkdir /data/OS/Packages

                # 将精简后的rpm文件 拷贝到新的系统目录里

                # 拷贝到新的系统目录要领许多,这里省事儿就用了替换下令 可是效果都一样啊 呵呵

                复制代码

                代码如下:

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/libgcc-4.4.7-3.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/setup-2.8.14-20.el6.noarch

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/filesystem-2.4.30-3.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/xml-common-0.6.3-32.el6.noarch

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/cjkuni-fonts-common-0.2.20080216.1-35.el6.noarch

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/iso-codes-3.16-2.el6.noarch

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/basesystem-10.0-4.el6.noarch

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/dmz-cursor-themes-0.4-4.el6.noarch

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/libX11-common-1.5.0-4.el6.noarch

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ca-certificates-2010.63-3.el6_1.5.noarch

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ncurses-base-5.7-3.20090208.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/tzdata-2012j-1.el6.noarch

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/glibc-common-2.12-1.107.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/nss-softokn-freebl-3.12.9-11.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/glibc-2.12-1.107.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ncurses-libs-5.7-3.20090208.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/bash-4.1.2-14.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/libattr-2.4.44-7.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/libcap-2.16-5.5.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/zlib-1.2.3-29.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/dbus-libs-1.2.24-7.el6_3.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/info-4.13a-8.el6.x86_64

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/libxml2-2.7.6-8.el6_3.4.x86_64

                :%s/^/cp \/mnt\/cdrom\/Packages\//g

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/cjkuni-uming-fonts-0.2.20080216.1-35.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/cjkuni-ukai-fonts-0.2.20080216.1-35.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/man-pages-3.22-20.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/words-3.0-17.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/centos-indexhtml-6-1.el6.centos.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql2400-firmware-5.08.00-1.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/iwl5000-firmware-8.83.5.1_1-1.el6_1.1.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql2100-firmware-1.19.38-3.1.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ivtv-firmware-20080701-20.2.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/libertas-usb8388-firmware-5.110.22.p23-3.1.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/xorg-x11-drv-ati-firmware-6.99.99-1.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql2500-firmware-5.08.00-1.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/atmel-firmware-1.3-7.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/zd1211-firmware-1.4-4.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/iwl4965-firmware-228.61.2.24-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/rt61pci-firmware-1.2-7.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/iwl3945-firmware-15.32.2.9-4.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql2200-firmware-2.02.08-3.1.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/rt73usb-firmware-1.8-7.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ipw2100-firmware-1.3-11.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql23xx-firmware-3.03.27-3.1.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ipw2200-firmware-3.1-4.el6.noarch.rpm

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/rootfiles-8.1-6.1.el6.noarch.rpm

                :%s/$/.rpm/g

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/cjkuni-uming-fonts-0.2.20080216.1-35.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/cjkuni-ukai-fonts-0.2.20080216.1-35.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/man-pages-3.22-20.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/words-3.0-17.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/centos-indexhtml-6-1.el6.centos.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql2400-firmware-5.08.00-1.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/iwl5000-firmware-8.83.5.1_1-1.el6_1.1.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql2100-firmware-1.19.38-3.1.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ivtv-firmware-20080701-20.2.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/libertas-usb8388-firmware-5.110.22.p23-3.1.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/xorg-x11-drv-ati-firmware-6.99.99-1.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql2500-firmware-5.08.00-1.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/atmel-firmware-1.3-7.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/zd1211-firmware-1.4-4.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/iwl4965-firmware-228.61.2.24-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/rt61pci-firmware-1.2-7.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/iwl3945-firmware-15.32.2.9-4.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql2200-firmware-2.02.08-3.1.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/rt73usb-firmware-1.8-7.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ipw2100-firmware-1.3-11.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ql23xx-firmware-3.03.27-3.1.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/ipw2200-firmware-3.1-4.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                cp /mnt/cdrom/Packages/rootfiles-8.1-6.1.el6.noarch.rpm /data/OS/Packages

                :%s/$/ \/data\/OS\/Packages/g

                # 建立ks.cfg文件 默认安装完系统就会安装所有的定制软件包了

                # 要害字

                代码如下:

                %post --nochroot %post

                [root@test OS]# pwd

                /data/OS

                [root@test OS]# cat ks.cfg

                firewall --disabled

                install

                cdrom

                rootpw --iscrypted $1$stMs72eG$G3f0zhGBjp6/SioZ28CxQ0

                auth --useshadow --passalgo=md5

                text

                firstboot --disable

                keyboard us

                lang en_US.UTF-8

                selinux --disabled

                # Do not configure the X Window System

                skipx

                logging --level=info

                reboot --eject

                timezone Asia/Shanghai

                network --device em1 --bootproto=static --ip=192.168.7.123 --netmask=255.255.248.0 --gateway=192.1s

                bootloader --location=mbr --driveorder=sda

                # Clear the Master Boot Record

                zerombr yes

                # Partition clearing information

                clearpart --all --initlabel

                # Disk partitioning information

                part / --fstype="ext4" --size=10240

                part swap --size=4096

                part /data --fstype="ext4" --grow --size=1

                %packages

                @base

                @core

                @server-policy

                sgpio

                device-mapper-persistent-data

                ntp

                %post --nochroot

                mkdir -p /mnt/sysimage/tmp/custom_data >> /tmp/custom.log 2>&1

                cp /mnt/source/Packages/lnmp_pack.tar.gz /mnt/sysimage/tmp/custom_data >> /tmp/custom.log 2>&1

                cp /mnt/source/Packages/install_packages.sh /mnt/sysimage/tmp/custom_data >> /tmp/custom.log 2>&1

                cp /mnt/source/Packages/ncftp-3.2.5-src.tar.gz /mnt/sysimage/tmp/custom_data >>/tmp/custom.log 2>&1

                cp /mnt/source/Packages/rarlinux-3.8.0.tar.gz /mnt/sysimage/tmp/custom_data >>/tmp/custom.log 2>&1

                cp /mnt/source/Packages/nmon_linux_14i.tar.gz /mnt/sysimage/tmp/custom_data >>/tmp/custom.log 2>&1

                %post

                cd /tmp/custom_data >> /tmp/custom.log 2>&1

                chmod +x install_packages.sh

                sh install_packages.sh

                # remove custom_data

                rm -rf /tmp/custom_data

                #vim syntax on

                echo alias vi='vim' >> /etc/bashrc

                # disable ipv6

                echo "alias net-pf-10 off" >> /etc/modprobe.d/dist.conf

                echo -e "options\tipv6\tdisable=1" >> /etc/modprobe.d/dist.conf

                echo "NETWORKING_IPV6=no" >> /etc/sysconfig/network

                #append lib

                echo "/usr/local/lib/" >> /etc/ld.so.conf

                #modify lang

                echo 'export LANG=zh_CN.UTF8' >> /etc/profile

                #disable system auto mail

                echo "unset MAILCHECK" >> /etc/profile

                #modify history

                echo 'export HISTTIMEFORMAT="%F %T `whoami` "' >> /etc/profile

                sed -i "s/HISTSIZE=1000/HISTSIZE=999999999/" /etc/profile

                #modifu ssh port on 3389

                echo 'Port 3389' >> /etc/ssh/sshd_config

                echo 'UseDNS no' >> /etc/ssh/sshd_config

                for i in `ls /etc/rc3.d/S*`

                do

                CURSRV=`echo $i|cut -c 15-`

                chkconfig --level 3 $CURSRV off

                done

                for i in crond rsyslog iptables network ntpd sshd sysstat;do chkconfig --level 3 $i on;done

                sed -i '/HOSTNAME=/d' /etc/sysconfig/network

                echo 'HOSTNAME=test' >> /etc/sysconfig/network

                # sysctl

                echo "net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 32768" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.core.rmem_default = 8388608" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.core.rmem_max = 16777216" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.core.somaxconn = 32768" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.core.wmem_default = 8388608" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.core.wmem_max = 16777216" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 5000 65000" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 300" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 65536" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 5000" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 2" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                echo "net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

                /sbin/sysctl -p

                # modify core ulimt

                echo -e "*\tsoft\tnofile\t65535" >> /etc/security/limits.conf

                echo -e "*\thard\tnofile\t65535" >> /etc/security/limits.conf

                echo -e "*\tsoft\tnofile\t65535" >> /etc/security/limits.d/90-nproc.conf

                echo -e "*\thard\tnofile\t65535" >> /etc/security/limits.d/90-nproc.conf

                # ntpd

                cat > /etc/sysconfig/clock < /etc/sysconfig/iptables <

                *filter

                #############################################

                # disabled (INPUT,FORWARD,OUTPUT)

                :INPUT DROP

                :FORWARD DROP

                :OUTPUT DROP

                # enabled lo

                -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT

                -A FORWARD -o lo -j ACCEPT

                # enabled em2

                # Be careful of the network adapter name

                -A INPUT -i em2 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -o em2 -j ACCEPT

                -A FORWARD -o em2 -j ACCEPT

                # enabled ping

                -A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT

                # enabled ntp

                -A INPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 123 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -p udp -m udp --sport 123 -j ACCEPT

                # dns

                -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --sport 53 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -p udp -m udp --sport 53 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT

                #############################################

                #############################################

                # team ssh

                # all

                -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                # suzhouqiao

                -A INPUT -s 118.145.x.xx -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 118.145.x.xx -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -s 115.182.x.xx -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 115.182.x.xxx -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                # corporate

                -A INPUT -s 119.253.59.x -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 119.253.xx.1x0 -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -s 203.187.xx1.x -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 203.x7.x1.x -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -s 211.103.xxs.x0 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 211.103.xx.xxx -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -s 119.253.x9.xx -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 119.253.xx.xx -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -s 119.253.xx.xx2 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 119.253.x.xx -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -s 203.187.xx.1xx -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 203.187.1xx.xx -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3389 -j ACCEPT

                #############################################

                #############################################

                # jiankongbao

                -A INPUT -s 60.xx.249.xx -p udp -m udp --dport 161 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 60.xx.xx.x3 -p udp -m udp --sport 161 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -s 60.195.252.xx -p udp -m udp --dport 161 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 60.195.xx.107 -p udp -m udp --sport 161 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -s 60.195.x.xx -p udp -m udp --dport 161 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 60.195.x.1xx -p udp -m udp --sport 161 -j ACCEPT

                -A INPUT -s 125.76.sxx -p udp -m udp --dport 161 -j ACCEPT

                -A OUTPUT -d 125.76.xx.xx -p udp -m udp --sport 161 -j ACCEPT

                #############################################

                #############################################

                # project port

                #############################################

                COMMIT

                EOF

                %end

                # 让系统从kickstart设置启动安装

                代码如下:

                [root@test isolinux]# pwd

                /data/OS/isolinux

                [root@test isolinux]# cat isolinux.cfg

                default linux ks=cdrom:/ks.cfg

                prompt 1

                timeout 100

                display boot.msg

                F1 boot.msg

                F2 options.msg

                F3 general.msg

                F4 param.msg

                F5 rescue.msg

                label linux

                kernel vmlinuz

                append initrd=initrd.img

                label text

                kernel vmlinuz

                append initrd=initrd.img text

                label ks

                kernel vmlinuz

                append ks initrd=initrd.img

                label local

                localboot 1

                label memtest86

                kernel memtest

                append -

                # 天生rpm包的依赖关系

                代码如下:

                [root@test ~]# cd /data/OS/

                [root@test OS]# createrepo -g repodata/*-comps.xml /data/OS/

                # 天生iso镜像

                代码如下:

                mkisofs -R -J -T -r -l -d -joliet-long -allow-multidot \

                -allow-leading-dots -no-bak -o /data/CentOS-6.4-x86_64-mini.iso \

                -b isolinux/isolinux.bin -c isolinux/boot.cat -no-emul-boot \

                -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table /data/OS

                # 天生MD5校验码 //本人没有执行这条下令缘故原由是若是需要修改iso里的内容会导致光盘无法使用

                代码如下:

                implantisomd5 /data/CentOS-6.4-x86_64-mini.iso

                基于Kisckstart的安装

                安装软件包

                yum -y install createrepo mkisofs

                制作流程

                目录结构

                拷贝CentOS原始镜像内容  ,不做任何精简

                代码如下:

                mkdir /mnt/centos

                mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/centos

                mkdir /tmp/iso

                cp -r /mnt/centos/* /tmp/iso

                增添Kickstart设置文件

                文件路径和安装方式可自由界说

                代码如下:

                cd /tmp/iso/isolinux

                #修改指导  ,注重ks=部门

                vi isolinux.cfg

                label linux

                menu label ^Install or upgrade an existing system

                menu default

                kernel vmlinuz

                append initrd=initrd.img ks=cdrom:/isolinux/ks.cfg

                #手动增添Kickstart设置文件

                vi ks.cfg

                #Kickstart file automatically generated by anaconda.

                #version=DEVEL

                #Install OS instead of upgrade

                #表现是安装 ,而不是升级

                install

                #Use text mode install

                #文本方式安装

                text

                #Use network installation

                #使用网络安装

                #url --url=ftp://ip/centos

                #Local installation Use CDROM installation media

                #使用光盘安装

                cdrom

                #Installation Number configuration

                #若是是RedHat的系统 ,会要求输入key  ,这里设置为跳过  ,若是不设置安装时会停在那里要求用户输入key

                #key –skip

                #System language

                #语言情况

                #lang en_US.UTF-8

                lang zh_CN.UTF-8

                #System keyboard

                #键盘类型

                keyboard us

                #Network information

                #网络设置

                #network --device eth0 --bootproto dhcp --onboot yes

                #Root password

                #root密码

                rootpw chinaums

                #Firewall configuration

                #禁用防火墙

                firewall --disabled

                #SELinux configuration

                #禁用selinux

                selinux --disabled

                #Run the Setup Agent on first boot

                #禁用第一次启动时设置系统的向导

                firstboot --disable

                #System authorization information

                #用户认证设置  ,useshadow表现使用当地认证  ,--passalgo表现密码加密算法

                authconfig --enableshadow --passalgo=sha512

                #System timezone

                #设置时区为上海

                timezone --isUtc Asia/Shanghai

                #System bootloader configuration

                #指明bootloader的安装位置 ,指明驱动器的排序  ,指明操作系统安装完成之后  ,向内核通报的参数

                bootloader --location=mbr --driveorder=sda --append="crashkernel=auto rhgb quiet"

                #Clear the Master Boot Record

                #扫除MBR指导记载

                zerombr yes

                #Partition clearing information

                #扫除硬盘上的所有数据

                clearpart --all --initlabel

                #Disk partitioning information

                #自界说分区

                #建立一个200M巨细的分区挂载/boot类型为ext4

                part /boot --fstype=ext4 --size=200 --ondisk=sda

                #建立一个20000M巨细的SWAP分区

                part swap --size=20000 --ondisk=sda

                #建立/目录

                part / --fstype=ext4 --grow --size=1 --ondisk=sda

                #Reboot after installation

                #设置完成之后重启

                reboot --eject

                #This packages is for CentOS 6.4

                #为CentOS 6.4定制的软件包

                %packages

                @base

                @core

                @chinese-support

                #增添安装后运行剧本

                %post

                #config service

                #自界说服务

                service NetworkManager stop

                chkconfig NetworkManager off

                #eject cdrom

                #安装完成弹出光碟

                #eject

                #reboot

                #执行完毕后重启

                #reboot -f

                #竣事自动化部署

                %end

                天生依赖关系和ISO文件

                注重路径和下令的准确性

                代码如下:

                cd /tmp/iso

                createrepo -g repodata/*comps.xml .

                mkisofs -o /tmp/CentOS-6.4_64_auto.iso -b isolinux/isolinux.bin -c isolinux/boot.cat -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table -joliet-long -R -J -v -T /tmp/iso/